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Vitiligo: White Patches Of Pigmentation On The Skin

Vitiligo is a condition that causes patchy loss of skin coloring. The average age of one set of vitiligo is in the mid-twenties, but it can appear at any age It tends to progress over time, with larger areas of the skin losing pigment. Some people with vitiligo also have patches of pigment loss affecting the hair on their scalp or beauty.

The color of hair and skin is determined by melanin. Vitiligo occurs when cells that produce melanin die or stop functioning. It affects people of all skin types, but it may be more noticeable in people with darker skin. The condition is not life-threatening or contagious, and it can be stressful or make a person feels bad about himself/herself.

Causes Of Vitiligo:

Vitiligo occurs when pigment-producing cells die or stop producing melanin, the pigment that gives the color of skin, hair and eyes. The involved patches of skin become lighter or white. It is also possible that one or more genes may make a person more likely to get the disorder. It may be related to a disorder of the immune system, family history and a trigger event such as a stress, severe sunburn or skin trauma such as contact with a chemical.

Symptoms Of Vitiligo:

White patches on the skin are the main sign of vitiligo. These patches are more common in areas where the skin is exposed to the sun. The patches are more common in areas where the skin is exposed to the sun. The patches may be on the hands, arms, face and lips.
Other common areas for white patches are the armpits and groin, around the mouth, eyes, navel, nostrils, genitals, rectal areas and also sunburn and social and psychological distress.

People with vitiligo often have hair that turns gray early. Those with dark skin may notice a loss of color inside their mouths.


Treatment Of Vitiligo:

Treatment may help the skin look more even. The choice of treatment depends on the number of white patches, how widespread the patches are and the treatment the person prefers to use.

Current treatment options for vitiligo include the medical, surgical and other treatments and are also aimed at restoring color to the white patches of skin.

Medical treatments include medicines such as creams that a person puts on the skin, medicines that a person takes by mouth, a treatment that uses medicine plus ultraviolet light and removing the color from other areas so they match the white patches.

Surgical treatments include skin grafts from the own tissues of a person. Here, the doctor takes skin from one area of the body of a patient and is sometimes used for people with small patches of vitiligo. And also tattooing small areas of skin.

Other treatments include cosmetics such as makeup dye to cover the white patches, sunscreens and counseling and support.




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